List of mountain types

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Mountains and hills can be characterized in several ways. Some mountains are volcanoes and can be characterized by the type of lava and eruptive history. Other mountains are shaped by glacial processes and can be characterized by their shape. Finally, many mountains can be characterized by the type of rock that make up their composition.

Types of mountains according to geology[edit]

Glacially sculpted mountains and hills[edit]

Volcanic mountains[edit]

Mountains with structure-controlled form[edit]

Other types of mountain or hill[edit]

Mountains defined by their vegetation[edit]

Types of rock that make up mountains[edit]

Groups of mountains[edit]


  1. ^ Lidmar-Bergström, Karna (1995). "Relief and saprolites through time on the Baltic Shield". Geomorphology. 12 (1): 45–61. Bibcode:1995Geomo..12...45L. doi:10.1016/0169-555X(94)00076-4.